A hydrocyclone (often referred to in the shortened form cyclone) is a device to classify, separate or sort particles in a liquid suspension based on the ratio of their centripetal force to fluid resistance. This ratio is high for dense (where separation by density is required) and coarse (where separation by size is required) particles, and low for light and fine particles. Hydrocyclones also find application in the separation of liquids of different densities.
A hydrocyclone will normally have a cylindrical section at the top where liquid is being fed tangentially, and a conicalbase. The angle, and hence length of the conical section, plays a role in determining operating characteristics.
1. Simple structure, light and flexible, no moving parts;
2. low equipment cost, easy disassembly, maintenance, less the cost of infrastructure
3. Large handling capacity, Can handle the small particle size to about 10μm.
4. High efficient Classification.
Hydrocyclone is consists with High pressure gage, vortex finder, metal housing sections, molded replaceable inners, Air core and apex assembly.
In addition, a hydrocyclone and ore feeding pipe, an overflow pipe, and the spigot.
Ore-mud can enter the drum with the help of a certain pressure (usually 0.5 to 2.5 kg / cm) and velocity (about 5 to 12 m / sec) that caused by slurry pump, and the ore-mud will rotate with the surface of drum, and cause quite strong centrifugal force, rough or big ore-sand will move downwards with the centrifugal force and gravity. Then they will be discharged from the underside of the cone, whereas some thin sand will be discharged from the overfalling pipe.
Through extensive testing, the Haiwang cyclone performance has been proven in a wide variety of applications including:
1.Closed circuit grinding
3.Concentrate or Tailings Thickening,Dewatering
4.Tailings damming and filling
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